Currently, there are so many ways to communicate on the Internet , the main of which are e- mail, forums , a variety of conferences, chat rooms, online games, and much more.
The most universal means of communication is a computer – e- mail (E – mail ) , which is an analogue of the well- known system of communication through letters sent in envelopes , characterized in that the fact that the letter exists in the form of an electronic message that is sent from the computer to the mail addressee server, and then delivered to the recipient at his mailbox. The whole procedure of sending such a letter under good conditions, takes no more than 3-5 minutes. In this case, the address of the e-mail account is the following writing : имя@почтовый_сервер.код_страны (eg : ivanov @ mail). E-mail as a regular letter in an envelope can contain a variety of investments in the form of graphics (photographs , drawings, pictures , charts , tables) , audio (music , speech) and other types of files
Electronic communication has certain characteristics:
communication is interpersonal or group nature ;
communication is always mediated and distant (in the role of intermediaries playing computer and mail services ) ;
by way of interaction between virtual communication can be a monologue or dialogue ;
form of communication can be written and oral (if communication is via audio voice files attached to emails ) ;
style of speech can be as official business , and any other , until the conversation and the use of profanity .
Much depends on the level of the interlocutors , their relationships and goals that are pursued by them .
E-mail as compared to paper mail has some advantages, which are as follows:
- A paltry investment of time and money for the shipment ;
- A smaller amount of data required for the successful delivery ;
- The ability to send along with the letter sound materials ;
- The ability to send one message to multiple recipients ;
- The possibility of forwarding letters, etc.
But e – mail there are drawbacks such as:
- The need for a computer , access the Internet , e-mail account , as well as basic knowledge of software management computer;
- If a large number of attached files or large files is better to use regular mail .
Another way of communication on the Internet is free , that is organization of information exchange and communication between a large number of interlocutors, it is interesting that the topic of discussion , which is the reason for the concentration of these people in one place for making it to the public debate. Their main difference lies in the fact that the organization of Internet forums there are no strict limitations on contingent members – they can become any user registered in a particular forum , there is also the time frame the discussion topic – the process continues as long as the topic interesting for sobesednikov.1
There are various topics , contingent members and the objectives pursued forums: one is the Internet – analogues of the earlier meetings on any issues that require further discussion , others exist for the organization of human communication (typically having friendships outside the internet, that is, everyday life ) , for various reasons, are not able to gather in one place for live unmediated communication. Forums of the first type usually have a scientific or socio- political issues and pursue appropriate goals, which can be a solution of any problems associated with this topic . Such forums are inherent in some of the official and the official business , scientific or journalistic style of speech.
Forums of the second type are characterized , above all, the subject – can discuss the various spheres of everyday life, social events or work of creators in the arts (including music, art , poetry and prose , etc.) , as well as informal communication . Furthermore , depending on the contingent members without all constraints are first means . Communication is mainly in a conversational style of speech, but there is no rigid framework . The objectives may be considered participants receive a variety of knowledge , experience, communication , and getting some truth in the debate as to whether a particular phenomenon or individual preferences.
All Forums inherent unwritten rules : discussion on any topic, the author begins with a monologue in the form of an article ( review / reviews , opinions on any of the many items of interest ) , containing the essence of the problem and reasoned arguments of the author in favor of a different view. Further to the discussion of topics connected with the author of all the stakeholders . Thus, the method of interaction can be called is either dialogue or polylogue if the communication is among several parties that may contact the author or to each other. The objectives of the discussions on the forums can be worn informative preskreptivny , emotive or mixed. Duration discuss one topic can be a few hours , so up to several months or even years.1
Advantages of Internet forums before live communication :
- No need to make transfers to the place of the forum – just turn on the computer and type e-mail address ;
- An enormous savings in time , effort and money by participating in the forum;
- The opportunity to participate in several forums;
- The lack of physical contact with opponents excludes the use of physical force in controversial situations;
- The period of the forum has no strict time frame ;
Disadvantages of the Internet – forums are as follows:
- It is necessary to have a computer , access the Internet , e-mail account , register for the forum, as well as basic knowledge for using the software in PC;
- The frequent lack of a visual representation of the interlocutors due to their reluctance to put their photos on display .
A variety of forums that are different from them, the absence of any specific scientific or social issues are chat rooms . They are created specifically for group communication stimulation living mostly young people. Such communication takes place in the form of polylogue often strangers that aim – an institution dating
Like a living acquaintance , to achieve this goal , as a rule , there are several steps: Participants reading the various statements , are close to them or interesting person with whom , at first , share general information about themselves, either openly offering to meet him . What follows is a dialogue that exists for ” probing ” the interlocutor, and , ultimately , if the sides are interested in each other, they agree to meet at the ” mainland .” Moreover, all participants are in a chat are able to monitor their conversations or join them . A distinctive feature is its relative brevity (compared with forums ) any debate between the opponents . The advantages and disadvantages of video chatting same as the advantages and disadvantages of communication in the forums.
Several other means of communication on the Internet is the conference , its structure resembles a bulletin board , and the newspaper at the same time . No list of participants does not exist. Send and receive messages can be anyone whose computer is connected with any other computer that receives messages of the conference. All distributed messages are divided into groups by topic and in order to receive group messages , you must subscribe to this group , that is to include the name of the group in the list on his personal computer ( PC). Such a device allows the conference to receive all messages on topics of interest , no matter who wrote them , and send a message without having to worry about the addresses of the recipients – it will be read by those whom it may interest
The main conference participants – people who are important not only to interpersonal communication as an intellectual . Typically , professionals who are looking for here the answers to their professional issues . These people come and when a conversation in a network – most often in order to obtain useful information on the subject of interest to them . After the conference the easiest way to find like-minded people , to organize a fan club, or scientific communities , as well as the conference is indispensable for scientific discussions . With the help of the conference is to discuss the topic of interest in this company , which gather in one place for a personal interview would be worth big money and unpredictable amount of time and effort.
There is also a way to communicate on the Internet as ” Ai Yu Sik » (ICQ – “I Seek You” – ” I ‘ve been looking for ,” or simply ” ICQ “) – a program that allows you to chat with your friends in the “on-line ” – t . e in real time. It operates on the principle of electronic mail , but the principle of its operation more quickly. This method of communication is somewhat similar to throwing of notes. You can send messages to them , a variety of files , calling on the chat, send an invitation to run network applications , etc.
There are many other ways of virtual communication on the Internet – this network games (strategic and intellectual ) , and the virtual world ( as a community of people who build interactive virtual life) and clubs ( which are similar to a mixture of the conference , and chat ), etc.